EU: Data Protection on the Internet

Source Document

“Safeguarding Privacy in a Connected World: A European Data Protection Framework for the 21st Century” (COM (2012) 9 final) by the European Commission. January 25, 2012.

Target Audience

1. US business interests, internet companies, and other stakeholders as represented by the US Chamber of Commerce.

2. Students and researchers interested in the European Union or on internet policy.


I wish to thank  Dr. Shalini Venturelli of American University, Washington DC for her direction during this project; and Monica Chan, 2014 MPP Candidate at George Mason University for helpful comments which I incorporated in the final brief.

Policy Brief





Bowcott, Owen. “Britain seeks opt-out of new European social media privacy laws.” The Guardian. April 4, 2013. (accessed 5 2013, June).

Cameron, David. “Speech to the European Union.” Transcript. London, January 22, 2013.

Druschel, Peter, Michael Backes, and Tirteria Rodica. The right to be forgotten – between expectations and practice. ENISA, Brussels: , 2012.

Eko, Lyombe, Anup Kumar, and Qingjiang Yao. “Google This: The Great Firewall of China, the IT Wheel of India, Google Inc., and Internet Regulation.” Journal of Internet Law (Aspen Publisher Inc.), 2011: 3-14.

European Commission. Safeguarding Privacy in a Connected World: A European Data Protection Framework for the 21st Century. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, European Union, Brussels: European Union, 2012.

European Union. “Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.” Official Journal of the European Communities, 2000.

Facebook. “Facebook’s views on the proposed data protection regulation.” March 30, 2012. (accessed June 17, 2013).

Florida Star v. B.J.F. 491 U.S. 524 (US Supreme Court, June 21, 1989).

High-Level Group on the Information Society. “Recommendations to the European Council: Europe and the global information society.” Brussels, May 26, 1994.

Kanter, James, and Somini Sengupta. “Europe Continues Wrestling With Online Privacy Rules.” New York Times. June 6, 2013. (accessed June 21, 2013).

Renard, Thomas. The European Union and Emerging Powers in the 21st Century: Hwo Europe Can Shape a New Global Order. Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2012.

Reuters. Spain refers Google privacy complaints to EU’s top court. March 2, 2012. (accessed June 17, 2013).

Rosen, Jeffrey. “The Right to be Forgotten.” Stanford Law Review , no. 64 (February 2012): 88-92.

Shaffer, Gregory. “Globilization and Social Protection: The Impact of EU and International Rules in the Ratcheting up of US Data Privacy Standards.” Yale Journal of International Law, Winter 2000.

Stover, Christine M. “Network Neutrality: A Thematic Analysis of Policy Perspectives Across the Globe.” Global Media Journal 3, no. 1 (2010): 75-86.

United Nations. The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the internet. UNHCR, New York: United Nations, 2012.

Venturelli, Shalini. Liberalizing the European Media. New York: Oxford, 1998.

Whitman, James Q. “The Two Western Cultures of Privacy: Dignty versus Liberty.” The Yale Law Journal, 2004: 1151-1221.


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